Do beginning teachers leave the profession at higher rates?
By looking at teacher experience
, we see that more beginning teachers leave the profession with a peak again at the time of retirement.
Do student factors correlate with new* teachers leaving?
Do district factors correlate with new teachers leaving?
We have evidence district practices probably influence new teacher retention
. These may include:
- Effective beginning teacher on-boarding, including training, support, and climate.
- Effective hiring practices, which may select teachers more likely succeed and to stay.
- Issues related to job satisfaction.
Are there other factors that correlate with new teachers leaving?
National data suggests teacher retention has been dropping for decades, which may indicate other factors related to new teachers leaving. These might include:
- Generational changes: perhaps young people in 2014 may change careers more often than young people in 1975.
- District evaluation changes: perhaps districts are removing more unsatisfactory teachers.
- Economic changes, perhaps teachers now have additional opportunities to make more money in other sectors.
Are there differences in teacher retention by the teacher's race/ethnicity?
Typically about 5 to 5.5 percent of the teacher workforce leaves each year. During the recession this number dropped to upper 4 percent, and recently it has moved to above 6 percent. One way to interpret this is that during an economic downturn, teachers have fewer opportunities to leave.
The trend is similar by race/ethnicity, where the rate went down about 2007-2008 and has since returned to a new high. The largest trend is among black/african american teachers, ranging from about 5 to 10 percent.
* New teachers are identified as new having less than 5 years of experience.